In 2020, I viewed a number of Douglas Sirk films for the first time, including Lured (1947), Has Anybody Seen My Gal? (1952), Magnificent Obsession (1954), All That Heaven Allows (1955), and Written on the Wind (1956). It after watching the last three melodramas–Magnificent Obsession, All That Heaven Allows, and Written on the Wind–that I became particularly intrigued by Sirk and the themes he explored in these films.
While successful commercially, his melodramas from the 1950s were typically criticized by reviewers deeming them unimportant for focusing upon female or domestic conflicts or for being seen as unrealistic and in poor taste due to their melodramatic nature. Nonetheless, attitudes towards his films would changed immensely in the next two decades thanks to analysis by French and British critics who saw his style as an ironic criticism of American society at the time. His depictions of gender and sexuality would continue discussions and analysis on through the 1980s and beyond, also coupled with a sense of nostalgia at the time for the Golden Age of Hollywood.
Sirk’s work has also influenced directors of the present, including homages from Quentin Tarantino, Guillermo del Toro, David Lynch, John Waters, and many more.
As evidenced in Sirk’s style, Sirk believed that rules were made to be broken. Defying Nazi authorities aiming to turn film into a form of propaganda or arguing against character problems being neatly resolved in an orderly fashion, Sirk defended his creative vision throughout his career.
Tom Ryan’s The Films of Douglas Sirk: Exquisite Ironies and Magnificent Obsessions offers a thoughtful analysis of Sirk’s films and creative style, linking films to the overall culture in which they were produced. Ryan draws from interviews ranging from a wide array of sources, including his interviews with Sirk himself. Additionally, Ryan also incorporates discussions regarding various novels and plays that inspired some of Sirk’s films as he delves into the impact and exploration of Sirk’s filmography.
The Films of Douglas Sirk: Exquisite Ironies and Magnificent Obsessions is available through the University Press of Mississippi.